Edema, which can develop in the legs, but also in the hands and feet, is enough to annoy many people, as it causes an increase in body weight and swelling. It is generally seen in summer. The reason for this is that the increase in temperature causes the vessels to expand, and as a result, the fluid circulating in the vessel becomes easier to pass to the tissues. Edema develops as a result of the accumulation of fluid between the tissue and the skin. Menstrual period, menopause, overweight, drinking insufficient water, excessive carbohydrate consumption, high salt diets and excessive exercise are the main causes of edema. However, since edema can also be a symptom of diseases such as kidney and heart failure, liver cirrhosis, malnutrition, and thyroid gland diseases, it is necessary to consult a specialist.
Saying that excessive salt and sugar consumption plays an important role in the emergence of edema, Nutrition and Diet Specialist Müzeyyen Çelik gave comprehensive information on the subject: Salt and sugar consumption should be avoided. In addition, regular consumption of foods that help to remove edema also plays an important role in removing edema.
Foods rich in potassium help maintain the sodium-potassium balance in body fluids and are effective against edema. Consuming an average of 3-4 apricots a day, which is rich in potassium, facilitates the removal of edema in the body.
The bromelain substance in pineapple is useful in breaking down proteins that cause cellulite formation and thus increases water excretion from the body. In addition, with the high fiber it contains, it contributes to the regular functioning of the intestines, thus removing water from the body more easily. It is useful to consume 1 portion (up to 1 ring) of pineapple, especially on days when you feel edema is formed.
Containing antioxidants such as beta carotene and vitamin C, about 96% of cucumber consists of water. Thanks to these ingredients, the cucumber you will consume in snacks especially in hot weather plays an important role in replacing the water lost by the body and removing the edema. Chopping cucumbers into drinking water and keeping them waiting ensures that water with a high antioxidant capacity is consumed, thus preventing edema.
Containing vitamins A, B, C and high fiber, blueberries contribute to the regular functioning of the digestive system and thus help prevent constipation. It is also beneficial in removing edema as it accelerates digestion.
Parsley is one of the vegetables with the richest nutritional content, especially when consumed raw. The abundant fiber and vitamin C in its content are very effective in removing edema. When edema occurs, it helps to get rid of edema when eaten raw or boiled and drunk. But beware! Consuming too much parsley can cause excess water to be thrown out of the body, thus causing low blood pressure.
Milk, yogurt and kefir prevent edema by providing mineral balance in body fluids thanks to the rich calcium they contain. It is very important to consume an average of 2-3 portions (2-3 cups) of dairy products every day for both a healthy diet and preventing edema.
Increased homocysteine in the body can cause heart attack, stroke, circulatory disorders in the legs and edema. Radish is among the natural diuretic foods that contain high levels of potassium and folate. Folic acid plays a role in reducing homocysteine levels in the blood. Consuming radish 1-2 times a week can greatly help to get rid of edema. However, since it may cause gas problems, it is useful to boil it to eat or drink its water.
Thanks to the beta glucan in its structure, it helps to increase bowel movements, accelerate circulation and digestion, thus removing edema from the body. It is useful to include oats in your daily diet by cooking it with milk, adding it into yogurt, using it in cookies or kettles.
If there is no health problem; Drinking teas of herbs such as rosemary, nettle, cherry stalk and heather leaves can also be beneficial in removing edema. The tannin, bitter substances, organic acids, glycoside and essential oils contained in rosemary help accelerate blood circulation and relieve edema.
Drinking 2-2.5 liters of water per day is very important to prevent edema and to help the elimination. Sprinkling foods such as cinnamon sticks, apple slices, cucumber slices or fresh mint leaves in the water you drink helps both to increase the antioxidant capacity of your water and to remove edema and to make its taste more delicious.